The Failure of University Education for Development & What to Teach Instead


University education may benefit the individual, but it hasn’t led to overall economic development. For many developing countries, the hope behind university education far exceeds the results. The ideas and solution presented in this book provides a way to equalize the results of higher education with the hope and unrealized expectations behind it.

  • Education cannot teach everything about development. The most crucial aspects of development are tacit in nature and cannot be directly expressed or taught. Instead, they are acquired passively in culture.
  • Liberal Education has struggled with this problem. While its lofty goals are well defined, they cannot be met without the tacit knowledge for development, which it can barely articulate, much less teach.
  • The concept of “Cultural Diversity” recognizes that there are differences between cultures, including tacit cultural knowledge.
  • The tacit knowledge needed for development is not specific knowledge. Instead it is the connection of the elements of the western economic model, learned in and out of school, to the language capacity that all human beings already possess and use for creatively expressing the spoken language.
  • This is why expatriates from the West and the developed countries of Asia often perform successfully as managers and entrepreneurs in the developing countries, despite the constraints of underdevelopment. To them, the elements of the economic model are merely vocabulary to be expressed anywhere as management, administration, or entrepreneurship, using the language capacity.
  • The aim of university education should be to connect technical knowledge about economic development with the language capacity that students already possess, in the same way that the human language capacity can be repurposed for use with a second spoken language. Graduates can then express the economic model with the versatility and creativity they already use for expressing the spoken language, in the same way that expatriates do.
  • The means for achieving this aim is now available and presented in this book.

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