You did not mention the name of a specific underdeveloped country. Which countries are you talking about?
Development is defined here as the rise of a nation—based on the managerial and entrepreneurial competence of its own indigenous people—to meet the West and other developed countries as an equal, like China has done. By this measure, and with a few exceptions, all the countries that have suffered from colonial rule are underdeveloped today. We’re not saying that colonialism is the cause of underdevelopment. But we’re pointing out that:
- The vast majority of countries in the world are underdeveloped.
- The vast majority of human beings on our planet live in countries where underdevelopment is persistent.
- All underdeveloped countries have the same fundamental problem: the failure of university education to make graduates perform like expatriates from the developed countries.