Rethinking the Problem
The inaccurate idea that persistent underdevelopment consists of separate and independent “causes” has come to dominate the way we see the problem. A multitude of experts and schools of thought now exist to explain each of these “causes” and why they are so complex. They have developed supporting theories and extensive libraries in areas of study that have been used to inform public policy, formulate development plans, and which exist as separate “departments” in the university.
But these so-called causes are actually the symptoms of a single underlying problem that is never discussed. Nevertheless, mistaking the symptoms for the causes has created lasting misconceptions that have confused the issues that surround the underlying problem. Therefore, the purpose of the sections listed below is to correct and remove the most glaring confusion, complete the accurate definition of persistent underdevelopment, and restore clarity.